Deployment of innovations in public companies and infrastructure monopolies
Vyacheslav Pershukov, Deputy Director General and Director of the Innovation Management Unit of the state corporation Rosatom told about the basic principles of the innovative development and technological modernization programme for the period up to 2020. The programme formalised the cycle of creation and commercialisation of innovations from the development of a new technology through its defence to transfer. Due to the implementation of this pattern, from 2011 to 2014 the state corporation increased the revenues from technology transfer by more than 20 times. The share of innovative products and services in the income of Rosatom has reached 11.5%.
The key areas of the programme include upgrading the existing technologies; creation of new solutions for the energy markets; development of new technologies for non-energy markets; infrastructure projects and programmes. The first area has a budget of 194 billion roubles and includes, in particular, design of the new power unit and the creation of a new generation of gas centrifuges. The second area with a budget of 199 billion roubles earmarked for the development of controlled thermonuclear fusion, a transport and energy module and a floating nuclear power plant. The creation of new technologies for non-energy markets, e.g. the production of molybdenum-99 for nuclear medicine, activities in the field of supercomputers, inspection systems and superconducting materials are funded in the amount of 21 billion roubles. For infrastructure projects 42 billion roubles were allocated.
The speaker informed about some projects in more detail. In particular, he highlighted the high importance of developing a multi-purpose research reactor on fast neutrons and of the International Research Centre (IRC). The concept of IRC was introduction by the state corporation at the 58th plenary session of the IAEA General Conference in September 2014. The reactor is planned to be operational by 2020.
Rosatom is developing several high-tech projects in cooperation with Rusnano and AFC "System" in the ‘Sarov’ Technopark (Nizhny Novgorod region). These include the production of pipeline fittings and valves for thermal and nuclear power plants, production of compact supercomputers and software development for parallel computing, as well as the centre of hydrodynamic studies for the needs of hydro- and wind power.
Production of molybdenum-99 is directed towards the nuclear medicine, one of the most advanced methods of diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of diseases. Molybdenum-99 is a radioactive source material for the production of technetium-99m. Investments in technology creation and production line exceeded 900 million roubles. In May 2013 the first phase was commissioned. The radionuclide obtained meets the European Pharmacopoeia requirements and is supplied to both the Russian market and foreign consumers.
A large group of projects is associated with the engagement of Rosatom in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor ITER. In particular, the Russian corporation launched the commercial production of superconductors (60 t in 2014), ultra-modern production of gyrotrons, and it delivers staff training.
in the ROSreserve
The presentation of Sergey Ulanin, Director of the Storage Research Institute (NIIPKh) of the Federal State Reserve Agency (Rosreserv) focused on including innovative products and projects in projects of the federal agency. Rosreserv administers the state material reserves providing for their formation, placement, maintenance, use, replenishment and refreshment. The range of material values of the state reserve includes food and industrial products, petroleum products, metals and alloys, about 200 items in total. The NIIPKh Institute of Rosreserv develops technologies for the long-term storage of food and industrial goods, petroleum products, emergency response and recovery goods, and conducts research in the field of fixed asset operation.
In 2012 Rosreserv began to cooperate with Rusnano during which NIIPKh employees performed testing and implementation of nanotechnology products for sites of the federal agency, both existing ones and under construction. In particular, introduced or explored are the possibilities of using the following innovations, i.e. paint-and-lacquer coatings produced by Plakart for the corrosion protection of steel tanks; LED light sources manufactured by Optogan; pallets made of composite materials and created in the Ulyanovsk Centre for Technology Transfer; electronic tagging system Electronic Tag of the Plastic Logic company; special-purpose finishing materials of the Stena group of companies; integrated air environment security systems Tion; facade insulation systems ThermoLand; energy storage systems Oldham.
Since NIIPKh of Rosreserv has the status of a basic organisation for the promotion of the state reserves of CIS countries, cooperation with the Institute opens up new development opportunities for Russian nanotechnology companies in foreign markets.
Implementation of innovations in the Transneft company
Vadim Chernikin, Deputy Chief of the Innovative Development Department of Transneft spoke about the mechanism of innovation deployment at the trunk pipeline facilities for the transportation of oil and petroleum products. This mechanism involves receipt of an application by a one-stop shop, reviewing the feasibility of implementation, if possible, testing and validation, if necessary, performing R&D. Implementation procedures are different for products not previously used and solutions introduced to replace previously used ones. Innovations are examined within the Research Institute of Transneft.
The current practice of interaction between Transneft and the manufacturers and suppliers of innovative solutions involves the following steps, i.e. holding presentation meetings; determination of the list of products for examination; examination of the feasibility of implementation; training activities for testing, testing and validation, joint research and implementation; coordination of joint activities with the manufacturers of innovative products; drawing up of the joint action plans for the groups of producers of innovative products, design companies and development institutions; implementation of plans.
The current research carried out on the orders of Transneft involves more than 25 academic and research institutions and 27 research and production enterprises. For example, for a project to develop high-precision in-line diagnostic systems about 100 small and medium businesses are involved annually in order to supply parts.
of the Avtodor state company
The report of Sergey Ilyin, Deputy Director of the Projecting, Technology and Innovation Policy department of the Avtodor state company was dedicated especially to the inclusion of products in the construction of Russian roads. To formalise implementation, Avtodor developed a programme for innovative development, which determines the priority technical areas, as well as approved a procedure for implementation of innovations and a list of modern technologies. It is common to hold joint tripartite meetings with the customer, the manufacturer of innovative solutions as well as design and construction contractors. To discuss projects, technicians, researchers and engineers are involved as well as expert boards of the company. All Avtodor projects undergo technological and price audits.
The company tests the efficiency of innovative solutions at experimental road sections. For example, in the area of the M-4 Don highway in the Krasnodar region, porous asphalt coating was laid to ensure an increase in the adhesion factor, avoidance of the ‘aquaplaning’ effect, minimised creation of water mist clouds, reduced temperature of ice formation and reduced noise.
Within the framework of agreements entered into between Avtodor and Rusnano, in road construction introduced are composite products manufactured by Ruskompozit (all-composite superstructures for bridges, pipe culverts, fibre-glass railings), composite lighting columns of the Galen company and LED lighting fittings of the Optogan. The total amount of nanotechnology products purchased during the term of the agreement exceeded 300 million roubles.