People are the Most Important Factor in Nanotechnologies
Application of Vacuum Equipment and Technology in Aerospace Industry The work considers integration of vacuum science and technology institutions and enterprises into aerospace industry. Introduction of vacuum equipment and technology into enterprises of the industry is one of the key factors in space exploration, and the role of this factor is continuously increasing. Experts note that extensive commercial development of the near-Earth space requires wide integration of enterprises dealing with vacuum science and technology into the aerospace complex.
How to Make Semiconductor Production Safe and Efficient New ideas and solutions are continuously generated in microelectronics, manufacture automation is improving, the technology requires better and better accuracy. Main stages of semiconductor production are vacuum deposition, exposure, etching, ion implantation and diffusion of impurities. Special and hydride gases are used in all these processes, many of them are highly inflammable, poisonous and aggressive. The article considers the gas distribution system of an enterprise, which provides stable and high precision feeding of gases to the consumer with no decline in its purity level.
LTCC - Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramics Over the several years the technology of low-temperature co-fired ceramics (LTCC) has been applyed in different industries. Improving materials, technological processes and methods of their obtainment due to application of this technology has led to reduction of cost of electronic articles and optimization of their characteristics. That resulted in increase of interest to LTCC technology on the part of high-frequency equipment, optoelectronics and microelectromechanical systems manufacturers. As a result of its wide application new possibilities are opening up for production of electronic articles in such areas as telecommunication, medicine, car, defense and aerospace equipment. In this paper the main benefits of technology and characteristics of used materials are considered.
Creation of Oxide Structures on Graphite Surface The article describes local anodic oxidation of the highly oriented pyrolytic graphite surface by means of AFM. Both advantages and disadvantages of this method are considered. The quality of obtained structures confirms efficiency of this method in creation of surface oxide nanostructures.
Structure and Properties of Chromic Coatings with Nanodiamond Strengthening Particles The work is devoted to studying the structure and revealing nanodiamond particles distribution by fraction in composite electrochemical chrome-based coatings (CEC). Research has established influence of nanodiamond particles concentration in CEC on wear resistance of the coating in different friction conditions and optimum concentration of diamond in CEC. Data on practical application of chromic coatings with nanodiamond inclusions in manufacture of the cutting tool are presented.
G.Meshkov, A.Rakhimova, A.Filonov, D.Yaminsky, I.Yaminsky Combination of the unique capabilities of probe microscopy with modern communication capabilities is not a tribute to fashion but a way to achieve the greatest efficiency of the equipment. Accessibility of the device through the Internet for remote control and obtaining data is useful in many cases and sometimes is absolutely necessary. This is particularly obvious during long-term measurements, such as protein crystals growth monitoring or slow kinetics of chemical reactions on the surface, in material science studying oxidation and corrosion processes.
Nanotechnology in Bibliometric “Mirror” The article provides a brief bibliometric analysis of the development of nanotechnology with an estimate of the positions of Russia, including such areas as carbon nanostructures, and nanophotonics. Initial statistics for this analysis were extracted from the database SCI-Expanded (ISI Web of Knowledge).
NANOEDUCATOR Platform In 1990s nanotechnology made only its first steps. However, over the following ten years nanotechnology became a priority field. It became evident that in the nearest future the demand for experts in this field will grow. As a response to this challenge NT-MDT created Nanoeducator, an educational and scientific complex based on scanning probe microscope (SPM) focused on formation of a full-fledged class for studying nanotechnology fundamentals and carrying out research.
Efficient Training in High-Tech Invention Activity For short-term practical trainings in inventing, the highest raise in the qualifications of the students was achieved when the group included from two to five trainees, no matter how skilled they are in inventions, whether they are professionals or laymen.
New ISO Standards: from Nanomaterials Classification to Nanotribology and Nanotoxicology The article presents a review of the new ISO standards prepared by Technical committee ISO/TC 229 «Nanotechnologies» and devoted to problems of classification of nanomaterials and nanotoxicology. The standards are the base for nanotechnologies commercialization.